Artists
 

B. B. King


B. B. King


Early Years

Born in Itta Bena, Mississippi, King spent much of his childhood sharing time living with his mother and his grandmother and working as a sharecropper. King has said he was paid 35 cents for each 100 pounds (45 kg) of cotton he picked before discovering his other talents. At an early age, King developed a love for blues guitarists like T-Bone Walker and Lonnie Johnson and jazz artists like Charlie Christian and Django Reinhardt. Soon King was cultivating his own musical skills singing Gospel music in church.

In 1943, King moved to Indianola, Mississippi. Three years later, King moved to Memphis, Tennessee, where he finely honed his guitar technique with the help of his cousin, country blues guitarist Bukka White.

In the winter of 1949, King played at a dance hall in Twist, Arkansas. In order to heat the hall, a barrel half-filled with kerosene was lit, a common practice. During a performance, two men began to fight, knocking over the burning barrel and sending burning fuel across the floor. This triggered an evacuation. Once outside, King realized that he had left his guitar inside the burning building. He entered the blaze to retrieve his guitar, a Gibson acoustic. Two people died in the fire. The next day, King discovered that the two men were fighting over a woman named Lucille. King named that first guitar Lucille, as well as every one he owned since that near-fatal experience, "to remind me never to do a thing like that again."

Eventually, King began broadcasting his music live on Memphis radio station WDIA, a station that had only recently changed their format to play all-black music which was extremely rare at the time. On the air, King started out using the name The Pepticon Boy, which later became the Beale Street Blues Boy. The name was then shortened to just Blues Boy and, eventually, simply B.B.

Recording Years

In 1949, King began recording songs under contract with Los Angeles based RPM Records. Many of King's early recordings were produced by Sam Phillips, who would eventually found the legendary Sun Records.

In the 1950s, King became one of the most important names in R&B music, collecting an impressive list of hits under his belt that included songs like "You Know I Love You," "Woke Up This Morning," "Please Love Me," "When My Heart Beats like a Hammer," "Whole Lotta' Love," "You Upset Me Baby," "Every Day I Have the Blues," "Sneakin' Around," "Ten Long Years," "Bad Luck," "Sweet Little Angel," "On My Word of Honor," and "Please Accept My Love." In 1962, King signed to ABC-Paramount Records.

In November of 1964, King recorded the legendary Live at the Regal album at the Regal Theater in Chicago, Illinois.

King first found success outside of the blues market with the 1969 remake of the Roy Hawkins tune, "The Thrill Is Gone," which became a hit on both pop and R&B charts, which is rare for an R&B artist even today. King's mainstream success continued throughout the 1970s with songs like "To Know You Is to Love You" and "I Like to Live the Love." From 1951 to 1985, King appeared on Billboard's R&B charts an amazing 74 times.

Going Mainstream

The 1980s, 1990s and 2000s saw King recording less and less, but maintaining a highly visible and active career appearing on numerous television shows, major motion pictures and performing 300 nights a year. In 1988 he reached a new generation of fans via the single "When Love Comes To Town", together with the Irish band U2. In 2000, King teamed up with guitarist Eric Clapton to record Riding With the King.

In 2003, he shared the stage with legendary rock band Phish in New Jersey, performing three of his classics and jamming with the band for over 30 minutes.

In 2004, King was awarded an honorary Ph.D from the University of Mississippi and the Royal Swedish Academy of Music awarded him the Polar Music Prize, for his "significant contributions to the blues". King had also donated his extensive blues collection to the Ole Miss Center for Southern Studies.

In 1997 an Ole Miss Alum tourist was killed by the bouncers in BB King's Memphis Night Club before scores of eyewitness patrons. A growing controversy exists around the murder and BB King has never commented publicly about the crime. Beale Street Club Settles Lawsuit., Murder in Memphis.

At 80, King has lived a very full and active life. He has been a licensed pilot, a known gambler and is also a vegetarian, non-drinker and non-smoker. A diabetic for over ten years, King has been a visible spokesman in the fight against diabetes and has appeared in advertisements for diabetes-management products.

Albums

  1. King of the Blues (1960)
  2. My Kind of Blues (1960)
  3. Live at the Regal (Live, 1965)
  4. ucille (1968)
  5. Live and Well (1969)
  6. Indianola Mississippi Seeds (1970)
  7. B.B. King In London (1971)
  8. Live in Cook County Jail (1971)
  9. Lucille Talks Back (1975)
  10. Live "Now Appearing" at Ole Miss (1980)
  11. There Must Be a Better World Somewhere (1981)
  12. Love Me Tender (1982)
  13. Why I Sing the Blues (1983)
  14. Live at San Quentin (1991)
  15. Live at the Apollo (Live, 1991)
  16. There is Always One More Time (1991)
  17. Riding With The King (2000)
  18. Reflections (2003)
  19. The Ultimate Collection (2005)
  20. B.B. King & Friends: 80 (2005)

Singles
"Mr. Martha King" (1949, Bullet)
"Got the Blues" (1949)
"Mistreated Woman" (1950, RPM)
"The Other Might Blues" (1950)
"I Am" (1950)
"My Baby's Gone" (1950)
"B.B. Blues" (1951)
"She's a Mean Woman" (1951)
"Three O'Clock Blues" (1951)
"Fine-Looking Woman" (1952)
"Shake It Up and Go" (1952)
"Someday, Somewhere" (1952)
"You Didn't Want Me" (1952)
"Story from My Heart and Soul" (1952)
"Woke Up This Morning" (1953)
"Please Love Me" (1953)
"Neighborhood Affair" (1953)
"Why Did You Leave Me" (1953)
"Praying to the Lord" (1953)
"Love Me Baby" (1954)
"Everything I Do Is Wrong" (1954)
"When My Heart Beats Like a Hammer" (1954)
"You Upset Me Baby" (1954)
"Sneaking Around" (1955) R&B: #14
"Every Day I Have the Blues" (1955) R&B: #8 1
"Lonely and Blue" (1955)
"Shut Your Mouth" (1955)
"Talkin' the Blues" (1955)
"What Can I Do (Just Sing the Blues)" (1955)
"Ten Long Years" (1955) R&B: #9 2
"I'm Cracking Up Over You" (1956)
"Crying Won't Help You" (1956) R&B: #15
"Did You Ever Love a Woman?" (1956)
"Dark Is the Night, Pts. I & II" (1956)
"Sweet Little Angel" (1956) R&B: #6
"Bad Luck" (1956) R&B: #3 3
"On My Word of Honor" (1956) R&B: #3
"Early in the Morning" (1957)
"How Do I Love You" (1957)
"I Want to Get Married" (1957) R&B: #14
"Troubles, Troubles, Troubles" (1957) R&B: #13 4
"(I'm Gonna) Quit My Baby" (1957)
"Be Careful with a Fool" (1957) Pop: #95 5
"The Key to My Kingdom" (1957)
"Why Do Everything Happen to Me" (1958, Kent)
"Don't Look Now, But You Got the Blues" (1958)
"Please Accept My Love" (1958) R&B: #9
"You've Been an Angel" (1958) R&B: #16 6
"The Fool" (1958)
"A Lonely Lover's Plea" (1959)
"Time to Say Goodbye" (1959)
"Sugar Mama" (1959)
"Sweet Sixteen, Pt. I" (1960) R&B: #2
"You Done Lost Your Good Thing" (1960)
"Things Are Not the Same" (1960)
"Bad Luck Soul" (1960)
"Hold That Train" (1960)
"Someday Baby" (1961)
"Peace of Mind" (1961) R&B: #7 7
"Bad Case of Love" (1961)
"Lonely" (1962)
"I'm Gonna Sit Till You Give In" (1962, ABC)
"Down Now" (1962, Kent)
"The Road I Travel" (1963)
"The Letter" (1963)
"Precious Lord" (1963)
"How Blue Can You Get" (1964, ABC) Pop: #97 8
"You're Gonna Miss Me" (1964, Kent)
"Beautician Blues" (1964)
"Help the Poor" (1964, ABC) Pop: #98 8
"The Worst Thing in My Life" (1964, Kent)
"Rock Me Baby" (1964) Pop: #34 8
"The Hurt" (1964, ABC)
"Never Trust a Woman" (1964) Pop: #90 8
"Please Send Me Someone to Love" (1964)
"Night Owl" (1964)
"I Need You" (1965)
"All Over Again" (1965)
"I'd Rather Drink Muddy Water" (1965)
"Blue Shadows" (1965, Kent)
"Just a Dream" (1965)
"You're Still a Square" (1965, ABC)
"Broken Promise" (1965, Kent)
"Eyesight to the Blind" (1966)
"Five Long Years" (1966)
"Ain't Nobody's Business" (1966)
"Don't Answer the Door, Pt. I" (1966, ABC) R&B: #2 Pop: #72
"I Say in the Mood" (1966, Kent) R&B: #45
"Waitin' for You" (1966, ABC)
"Blues Stay Away" (1967, Kent)
"The Jungle" (1967)
"Growing Old" (1967)
"Blues for Me" (1968)
"I Don't Want You Cuttin' Off Your Hair" (1967, Bluesway)
"Shoutin' the Blues" (1968, Kent)
"Paying the Cost to Be the Boss" (1968, Bluesway) R&B: #10 Pop: #39
"I'm Gonna Do What They Do to Me" (1968) R&B: #26 Pop: #74
"The B. B. Jones" (1968) Pop: #98
"You Put It on Me" (1968) R&B: #25 Pop: #82 9
"The Woman I Love" (1968) R&B: #31 Pop: #94
"Get Myself Somebody" (1969)
"I Want You So Bad" (1969)
"Get Off My Back Woman" (1969) R&B: #32 Pop: #74 10
"Why I Sing the Blues" (1969) R&B: #13 Pop: #61
"Just a Little Love" (1969) R&B: #15 Pop: #76
"I Want You So Bad" (1969) R&B: #34
"The Thrill Is Gone" (1970) R&B: #3 Pop: #15
"So Excited" (1970) R&B: #14 Pop: #54
"Hummingbird" (1970) R&B: #25 Pop: #48
"Worried Life" (1970) R&B: #48
"Ask Me No Questions" (1970, ABC) R&B: #18 Pop: #40
"Chains and Things" (1970) R&B: #6 Pop: #45
"Nobody Loves Me But My Mother" (1971)
"Help the Poor" (1971, re-recording) R&B: #36 Pop: #90
"Ghetto Woman" (1971) R&B: #18 Pop: #40
"The Evil Child" (1971) R&B: #34 Pop: #97
"Sweet Sixteen" (1972, re-recording) R&B: #37 Pop: #93
"I Got Some Help I Don't Need" (1972) R&B: #28 Pop: #92
"Ain't Nobody Home" (1972) R&B: #28 Pop: #46
"Guess Who" (1972) R&B: #21 Pop: #62
"To Know You Is to Love You" (1973) R&B: #12 Pop: #38
"I Like to Live the Love" (1974) R&B: #6 Pop: #28
"Who Are You" (1974) R&B: #27 Pop: #78
"Philadelphia" (1974) R&B: #19 Pop: #64
"My Song" (1975)
"Friends" (1975) R&B: #34 11
"Let the Good Times Roll" (1976) R&B: #20
"Slow and Easy" (1977) R&B: #88
"Never Make a Move Too Soon" (1978) R&B: #19
"I Just Can't Leave Your Love Alone" (1978) R&B: #90
"Better Not Look Down" (1979) R&B: #30
"There Must Be a Better World Somewhere" (1981) R&B: #91
"Into the Night" (1985) R&B: #15
"Big Boss Man" (1985) R&B: #62
"When Love Comes to Town" (1988, with U2) Rock: #2 Pop: #68 12
"The Blues Come Over Me" (1992) R&B: #63
"Riding with the King" (2000, with Eric Clapton) Rock: #26

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